The Plaintiffs are owners of various copyrights subsisting in movies and TV shows (the Copyrighted Subject-Matter). The Plaintiffs applied for a site-blocking order under Section 193DDA(1) of the Singapore Copyright Act (Cap. 63) (the Act), for the Defendant network service providers to take reasonable steps to disable access to Flagrantly Infringing Online Locations (FIOLs) consisting of 53 piracy websites.
The Plaintiffs sought two types of orders:
- for the Defendants to take reasonable steps to disable access by its subscribers to a list of Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), IP addresses and domain names (the Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDNs)) which were being used to enable or facilitate access to the FIOLs (the Main Injunction); and
- an order requiring the Defendants to block new FQDNs discovered subsequent to the granting of the Main Injunction, which provided access to the same FIOLs that were the subject of the Main Injunction (the Dynamic Injunction).