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The Spanish authority fined car-wash equipment maker Istobal €638,770 (2% of its Spanish revenue) for denial of parts and data to independent repairers. Though providing repair/maintenance services itself and via appointed third party service providers (each allocated to specific territories in Spain), Istobal denied parts and technical information to independent (non-appointed) repairers. The authority alleged this abuse of a dominant position in the provision of parts/data stifled competition.

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